Risks for this procedure are the same as in any surgery and include the risks associated with an anaesthetic, bleeding, bruising, wound infection, chest infection and blood clots in the leg (known as a deep vein thrombosis), although these risks are uncommon.
Any surgical treatment to correct gynaecomastia will require cuts (incisions) to be made, so there will be some scarring. While most incision lines are concealed within natural contours of the body, they can be visible and occasionally scars can become very noticeable.
Rarely, the skin of the nipple area may die. Although this sounds very bad, in reality once new skin has grown and healing is complete, the end result is normally very satisfactory. Dressings will need to be applied to the affected area whilst the healing process takes place.
A further complication is either over or under correction of the gynaecomastia, which may need further treatment to correct this.
Decreased sensation in the nipple and breast area can occur, although this is very uncommon. If liposuction is used, irregularities or uneven contours in the breast tissue can occur, such as lumpiness or bumpiness.
Development of a seroma is the most common, significant complication; this is a collection of fluid. This fluid can, however, be removed easily by using a needle and syringe during the first four to six weeks after the surgery; the procedure may need to be repeated on more than one occasion. This is the reason why patients wear a compression dressing after surgery, as it minimises the chances of this occurring.
All the risks will be discussed in detail at your consultation. You will also be provided with detailed written information to help you make an informed decision about any surgery.